IPP-NRI-Institute of Plant Protection-Poland
Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Poznan, Poland
Institute of Plant Protection–National Research Institute (IPP–NRI) in Poznan, Poland is a governmental R&D organization belonging to the Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development, which was established in 1951 (www.ior.poznan.pl). For over sixty years, IPP–NRI has played a leading expert role in the development of crop protection technologies in Poland by its involvement in the implementation of monitoring systems for occurrence of pests and diseases, pesticide registration, strategies for conventional, integrated and organic crop protection, monitoring of pesticide residues and use of biological methods (natural substances, beneficial micro-organisms) to substitute chemical agents.
Focus on protection, innovation and food safety.
IPP–NRI conducts research to provide the scientific basis for innovative crop protection and sustainable, environmentally friendly agriculture including development of organic cropping systems with particular emphasis on responsible use of resources and beneficial impact on biodiversity of species. Another focus of the Institute is the development and evaluation of natural products to combat plant pests and diseases, as well as the exploration of plant strengtheners that enhance the natural defense mechanisms of plants. Departments of IPP-NRI are involved in conducting efficacy trials of plant protection products and pesticide residue analyses. Our scientists participate in building European research areas have established cooperation links with many research centers and clusters in Europe by taking part in international research programs on food safety, integrated and organic fruit, vegetables and other arable crops protection. IPP-NRI is involved in research projects dealing with various aspects of basic and applied research of biological control (entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi, beneficial insects), chemical and integrated methods for control of plant diseases, weeds and pests (COST, OECD, ENDURE, FP7). We undertook the studies aiming at the search for alternative crop protection methods based on the use of beneficial microorganisms exhibiting antagonism and competence mechanisms of action. In many projects the potential of the beneficial microorganisms (e.g. Aureobasidium pullulans, Trichoderma asperellum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is tested for use in the control of major pathogens ore and arable crops.
Within a Polish innovative project EkoTechProdukt (http://www.inhort.pl) cofunded by the European Union, the specialized team of our experts (see below) is involved in investigation of potential applicability of beneficial microorganisms and plant extracts for preventing losses during production and storage of fruits. Based on our results, dipping fresh strawberry fruits in a yeast suspension could be recommended as an alternative method to chemical treatments to extend the cold storage period up to two weeks. The proposed method is particularly suitable for use on organically grown strawberries since no chemical products are allowed to control grey mould.
In CO-FREE, Dr. Jolanta Kowalska with co-workers (Dr. Dorota Remlein-Starosta, Dr. Dariusz Drozdzynski and others) are involved in testing of novel alternatives to copper compounds and strategies (DSS) for control of Phytophthora infestans in potato crops. In the field trials, an assessment of ecological impact of tested compounds, strategies and production systems takes place.